Applications of Induction Motor

Applications of Induction Motor

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What is the applications of induction motor? An induction motor is an electric motor that operates on the principle of Induction. There are two parts of an induction motor i.e, Stator and Rotor. Stator is the stationary part while rotor is free to rotate.

Both of these are separated by an air gap and has no connection mechanically but only coupled magnetically thus having frictionless operation unlike brushed DC motors.

Applications of Induction Motor

Application of Induction Motor differ by the type of rotor which is being used:

  1. Squirrel Cage Rotor
  2. Slip Ring Rotor or Wound Rotor Type

Squirrel Cage Rotor

Squirrel type rotor has a cylindrical laminated core with slot parallel to the shaft, uninsulated conductor bar of aluminium or copper in each slot of the rotor and the rotor conductor are short-circuited by heavy end ring at the end of the rotor.

The end ring and the conductor bar looks same as a cage of squirrel so it is named as squirrel cage rotor.

Squirrel cage rotor have high efficiency and high power factor, require less maintenance and is cheap.

squirrel cage rotor

The Torque Slip characteristics determines the use of squirrel cage motor which is stated as under,

torque slip characterstics of induction motor

Generally it is classified into four class:

  • Class A Motor:- Normal Starting torque, High starting current with Low Slip is the required operating criteria of this type of motor with High full load efficiency. Ex:- Fan, Blowers, Machine tools etc.
  • Class B Motor:- Normal Staring torque, Low Starting current and low operational slip are the required operational criteria of this type of motor. Application is same as class A Motor.
  • Class C Motor:- High Starting torque, low Starting current and applicable for constant speed-load condition is the required operational criteria for this type of motor. Ex:- Compressor, Crushers, Conveyors etc.
  • Class D Motor:- Highest Starting torque of all the class motor, low starting current and high operating slip. This type of motors has low efficiency suitable for intermediate loads. Ex :- Bulldozers, Die stamping etc.

Slip Ring Rotor

Slip Ring Rotor consists of sloted armature, Insulated conductor arranged in slots forming three phase double layer distribution winding similar to that of the stator winding.

Rotor is star connected and the open ends of the rotor is connected with brushes to slip ring mounted in the shaft whereas the other end of slip ring is connected to variable resistor which is totally used for speed control purpose as stated in the below diagram,

slip ring inductor motor

Slip ring inductor motor have High Starting Torque and low starting current so the load which require this operational condition uses slip ring type rotor induction motor. Ex :- Conveyors, Cranes, Compressors, Elevators, Hoist etc.

Applications of Induction Motor Conclusion

After going through the above portion of application of induction motor we can now establish what application of induction motor is. I hope you enjoy when reading this article, thank you.