Energy Stored in Chemical Bonds of Molecules

Energy Stored in Chemical Bonds of Molecules

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How energy stored in chemical bonds of molecules? Chemical bonds certainly “contain” potential energy, and the atoms want to move to a lower potential energy (become more stable). However, if you add energy to the methane in the form of a flame or a spark in the presence of oxygen, some of the molecules will have enough energy to overcome an activation energy barrier. That’s why energy stored in chemical bonds of molecules.

Energy was necessary to overcome the Coulomb repulsion of the outer ring of electrons in the constituent atoms  of the molecule.  Potential energy is made from prior applications of kinetic energy.

Energy Stored in Chemical Bonds

It’s electric potential energy.  The electron-electron repulsion and electron-proton attraction create a nice little sweet spot where the atoms will sit close to each other, pulling together if they start getting pulled apart weakly, and pushing apart if they start getting pushed together weakly.  Atoms getting onto that sweet spot is a chemical bond.

Here’s a diagram of electrical potential energy vs distance for a pair of hydrogen atoms (or rather, a hydrogen molecule H2):

Note that according to this diagram, the energy is actually released when this bond is formed, and must be absorbed to break this bond.  This means that, for example, if you want to make water molecules, you can’t just put oxygen atoms (molecules) into the mix — you have to add some energy — usually adding a little heat will do the trick there.

How Do Chemical Bonds Store Energy?

But continuing with hydrogen and oxygen combining to form water, the bond energy for water is greater, meaning more energy is released by forming the bonds in H2O than it takes to break the H2 and O2 bonds.

This is what it means to have stored energy in a chemical bond — that you can have chemicals that release more energy on reaction than it takes to trigger the reaction.

What Kind of Energy is Stored in Chemical Bonds?

There is no such thing as “stored” bond energy. Stored bond energy suggests that the energy in a chemical bond is available to be released. The bond energy between two atoms is the energy required to break those two atoms apart – that’s all – no more no less.

So how do you get energy from chemical bonds? Glad you asked. The energy you get from a chemical bond is the difference between the bonds of the reactants and the bonds of the products in a chemical reaction.

For example, the reaction:

2H2+O22H2O gives off substantial energy because the four O-H bonds in water are stronger (larger) than the sum of the 2 H-H bond energies plus the O=O bond energy. Another way of looking at this is that water is more stable than hydrogen and oxygen molecules.

Energy Stored in Chemical Bonds Conclusion

After going through the above portion of energy stored in chemical bonds we can now establish how chemical bonds store energy. I hope you enjoy when reading this article, thank you.